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The Betrayed -1995 documentary review

The Betrayed –




“The Betrayed” is a film about a group of Russian mother’s searching for their sons. Conscripted Russian boys press ganged to fight in the Russian invasion of Chechnya, 1994. That is the ‘plot’ of the 1995 documentary filmed at the height of the Russian war on Chechnya. A loving need to find children lost in modern war.

It is a tragic documentary. I first watched it at 15, at the time I was fascinated by the violence. I had recorded it from the television and even edited my own version showing just the battle scenes that were soundscaped by gaudy Russian pop music.  It was exciting to watch for me, the wars in the former Yugoslavia and Soviet Empire were modern and showcased differing eras of weaponry. It was a unique version of warfare that I had yet to consume.

The violence was somehow dirtier to the footage I had seen in Somalia and Iraq where ultra-modern US and allied forces seemingly dominated and decimated their enemies. Even in defeat inside Somalia their seemed a techno-supremacy at work on the American behalf. An established narrative which would only be ensured by Ridley Scott a handful of years later.   Whereas in Chechnya the Russians seemed gritty and often more vulnerable.  It was new information for my eyes and ears to gorge upon, a different pornography to arouse.

The story of the mothers and their lost sons was almost lost on me at first beneath the chatter of AKs and the singing Russians.  Then weeks would pass before I began to think about the story, the tragedy.  This was happening now. It was not another war film; Charlie Sheen was not narrating from inside the make-believe depiction of the jungles in Vietnam. This was the youth of Russia dying in a war that most of them did not understand. That I did not fully understand.  Barely a decade after the ill-fated Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, a new generation of Federal troops were being fed as fodder into the gullet of chaos.

Many of them were younger than me at the time. I was an army cadet, destined to enlist after school. Unlike the doomed Russian boys, I was playing sanctioned dress ups in Australia’s, ‘Vietnam era’ uniforms.  My all green well-worn costume was different to those that stuck to the CIS troops in ‘the Betrayed’.  Their reality was drastically different to mine, I had fun. They had grim death to deal with.

The Russian war in Chechnya was one of terrifying consequences, it was an ugly showcase of mismanaged resources thrown into a region that had traditionally resisted aggression. The Chechen’s were determined and with the assistance of foreign fighters, nationalistic and religiously dogged.  Many of the foreign volunteers had fought the Soviets in Afghanistan and would go on to fight the Americans. Some of the resisters were not fighting for nation but for God.  The Russians seemed obliging, the young boys naive and reluctant had not choice but to face such warriors.

The documentary follows the journey of Colonel Kosov a Russian liaison officer who acts as an agent for the mothers.  He follows the trail of carnage, crosses the Chechen countryside and does his best to find the lost boys. Their bodies at least. It is a cynical investigation as dead civilians and soldiers feed the mud and carrion with equal putridness. The backdrop to the Colonels mission is the broken landscape and battlefields, one goes on a journey of mundane duty to the violence of battle.

Determined in his task, Kosov encounters his former comrades along the way, both Russian and Chechen. His conversations with each as well as others he encounters is pure and exposes a reality that is seldom seen in more recent documentaries. The conversations are intimate and futile.  In the end it shows just a man asking questions with few answers.  The film allows the viewer to witness negotiations between the two sides, the interactions are seemingly low key and though the men are high ranking from both sides, their interactions are modest as they discuss affairs relating to thousands of others.

Though the war was fresh at the time of the films making, it shows a set in reality.  The grimness could only be equaled by Sam Peckinpah, except this is not fiction and James Coburn is not our jaded protagonist.  These are real human beings lost in the miserable sea of warfare. All the while the documentary goes back to teary mothers, their grim faces glued to film of Russian boy soldiers being held in captivity. The relief and fear for their children is universally human. Tears of frightened joy for the mothers that see for a moment their boy, a prisoner. For the mothers who do not have a video tapes moment of confirmation, their tears are painful and filled with uncertain anguish.

‘The Betrayed’ is not light viewing, even if at a time it excited my young mind.  It is heavy and so it should be.  The most horrible aspect of the film is that even though it is decades old, it is as relevant today as it was then.  The mothers and their sons may be different, but the fates of many others are not. The wars will go on, so will the death.


The full documentary is available here



Published inBook ReviewsWar, History and Foreign Policy